This is an archived copy of the 2011-12 Catalog. To access the most recent version of the catalog, please visit http://bulletin.wustl.edu/.


The History Department engages its students through a study of the past. We are committed to the idea that the most compelling stories are often the most revealing ones. In addition to teaching students the particular skills of historical inquiry, we provide them with tools that serve them beyond their majors and beyond the university.

The discipline of history poses challenging questions about the ways that human beings have made the worlds they live in. There are many approaches to history. Some historians study politics, whether that means political parties or the ways that people who never held public office nonetheless act to shape public life. Others study the lived experience of everyday Americans or the popular culture that reflects how people understand the world around them. Still others are especially interested in the kinds of stories about the past that we tell ourselves, for those stories reveal a great deal about our own society as well as that of a different time. While it is not true that history repeats itself, it is true that without knowledge of the past we are unable to understand the present.

The History Department encourages all undergraduates to incorporate the discipline of historical thinking into their liberal arts education. You will learn to organize and interpret data, to write with precision and clarity, to develop logical and convincing arguments, and to combine careful research with creativity. In all of our courses, we emphasize the kinds of skills that will help you to succeed both in your classes at Washington University and in your postgraduate career.

For our majors and minors, we offer the opportunity to work closely with a faculty mentor to develop a coherent yet challenging program of study. The history major is structured to be flexible, and we encourage students both to pursue established interests and to explore topics, time periods and locales that may be less familiar. We offer a broad range of courses from the ancient world to the present, and across Africa, Asia, the Mideast, Europe and the Americas. We have many opportunities for small-group learning and discussion, including freshman seminars, our Historical Methods seminar, writing-intensive seminars and advanced seminars. Prior to graduation, every major is expected to demonstrate mastery of the field through an advanced seminar, an independent research project, formal fieldwork in the historical and archival professions, or writing a senior honors thesis.

Some history majors go on to pursue graduate work in the field and become professional historians. But most find that the knowledge and skills they build through history courses fit them for a wide range of careers. Our graduates have attended law or medical school, and have pursued careers in government, education, research, business, communications, international agencies, publishing, museums and archives, public advocacy and many other fields.


Contact Person:Margaret Williams
Departmental website:http://history.artsci.wustl.edu



Jean Allman
Jack Hexter Professor in the Humanities
Ph.D., Northwestern University

Endowed Professors

Daniel Bornstein
Stella Koetter Darrow Professor of Catholic Studies
Ph.D., University of Chicago
Derek M. Hirst
William Eliot Smith Professor of History
Ph.D., Cambridge University
Hillel J. Kieval
Gloria M. Goldstein Professor of Jewish History and Thought
Ph.D., Harvard University
Kenneth Ludmerer
Mabel Dorn Reeder Distinguished Professor in the History of Medicine
Ph.D, M.D., Johns Hopkins University
Linda J. Nicholson
Stiritz Professor of Women’s Studies
Ph.D., Brandeis University


Iver Bernstein
Ph.D., Yale University
Ahmet T. Karamustafa
Ph.D., McGill University
David T. Konig
Ph.D., Harvard University
Tim Parsons
Ph.D., Johns Hopkins University
Mark Pegg
Ph.D., Princeton University

Associate Professors

Elizabeth Borgwardt
Ph.D., Stanford University
Andrea S. Friedman
Ph.D., University of Wisconsin
Margaret Garb
Ph.D., Columbia University
Christine Johnson
Ph.D., Johns Hopkins University
Peter Kastor
Ph.D., University of Virginia
Steven Miles
Ph.D., University of Washington
Max J. Okenfuss
Ph.D., Harvard University
Corinna Treitel
Ph.D., Harvard University
Lori Watt
Ph.D., Columbia University

Assistant Professors

Catherine Adcock
Ph.D., University of Chicago
Venus Bivar
Ph.D., University of Chicago
Shefali Chandra
Ph.D., University of Pennsylvania
Charly Coleman
Ph.D., Stanford University
Sonia Song-Ha Lee
Ph.D., Harvard University
Yuko Miki
Ph.D., New York University
Sowandé Mustakeem
Ph.D., Michigan State University
Paul Ramirez
Ph.D., University of California–Berkeley
Nancy Reynolds
Ph.D., Stanford University

Affiliated Faculty

Adrienne D. Davis
J.D., Yale Law School
Mary Ann Dzuback
Ph.D., Columbia University
Martin Jacobs
Ph.D. and Habilitation, Free University of Berlin
(Jewish, Islamic and Near Eastern Languages and Cultures)
Zhao Ma
Ph.D., Johns Hopkins University
(East Asian Languages and Cultures)
Eric Mumford
Ph.D., Princeton University
Leigh Schmidt
Ph.D., Princeton University
(Center on Religion and Politics)
Steven Zwicker
Ph.D., Brown University

Professors Emeriti

Henry Berger
Ph.D., University of Wisconsin
Richard Davis
Ph.D., Columbia University
Steve Hause
Senior Scholar in the Humanities
Ph.D., Washington University
Gerald N. Izenberg
Ph.D., Harvard University
Richard J. Walter
Ph.D., Stanford University


The Major in History

Total units required: 28

Major requirements:

Introductory courses

One introductory course, chosen from:

One additional introductory course, chosen from any 100 or 200 course home-based or cross-listed in history AND taught by history department faculty.

NOTE: A score of 5 on the AP European, U.S., or World History examination will constitute completion of History 102, 163 and/or 164 respectively, and 3 units of credit equivalent to History 102, 163 and/or 164 will be awarded, for a maximum of 6 credits toward the major and/or minor. A score of 4 on any of these exams may earn 3 units of elective credit but will not be counted toward the major or minor.

300/400 Level Courses

At least 18 300- or 400-level units, plus a capstone experience (for a minimum of 22 advanced units).

Requirements at this level include:

  • at least one course designated “premodern” and one course designated “modern”
  • at least one course from three of the following geographical areas: Africa, East Asia, South Asia, Europe, Latin America, Middle East, the United States, or transregional history
  • History 301 Historical Methods, a required methods course for all majors

Capstone Experience

History majors must, prior to graduation, complete a capstone experience consisting of EITHER:

  • Successful completion of the Senior Honors Thesis; OR
  • An advanced seminar; OR
  • An independent research project with a significant writing component (History 500); OR
  • Directed fieldwork in the historical or archival profession, with a significant writing component (History 4001/4002)

Additional Information

Fieldwork: As a history major, you are eligible for fieldwork at the Missouri Historical Society or at other museums. Opportunities also are sometimes available in the special collections at Olin Library, with local businesses and at historical sites.

Study Abroad: You are encouraged to participate in various overseas studies programs, which normally may fulfill up to 6 units of credit for the major or minor.

Senior Honors: If you have a strong academic record, you may work toward Latin Honors. It is recommended that students complete two advanced seminars in the junior year. Students graduating with Latin Honors must meet GPA requirements and satisfactorily complete History 399 Senior Honors Thesis and Colloquium: Writing-Intensive Seminar, while writing a thesis during your senior year.


The Minor in History

Units required: 18

Required courses:

The minor in history consists of two Introductory courses plus 12 additional units, 9 of which must be at the 300 and 400 level. The College of Arts & Sciences further specifies that all 18 units must be separate courses not double-counted toward the major or another minor, that no more than two courses originate outside the department, and that courses in the minor may not be taken credit/no credit.

At least one introductory course, chosen from:
History 101C Western Civilization
History 102C Western Civilization
History 163 Freedom, Citizenship and the Making of American Culture from the Colonial Era to the Present
History 164 Introduction to World History: Theory and Practice

One additional introductory course chosen from any 100 or 200 course home-based or cross-listed in history AND taught by faculty in the Department of History.

NOTE: A score of 5 on the AP European, U.S. or World History examination will constitute completion of History 102, 163 and/or 164 respectively, and 3 units of credit equivalent to History 102, 163 and/or 164 will be awarded, for a maximum of 6 credits toward the major and/or minor. A score of 4 on any of these exams may earn 3 units of elective credit but will not be counted toward the major or minor.

Additional Information

Courses in the minor are excluded from the credit/no credit option. No more than two courses may originate outside the department.


L22 History 101C. Western Civilization
This course surveys the period from ca. 3500 BCE to 1650 CE in the West. As we examine the civilizations of Mesopotamia, the ancient Mediterranean and medieval and early modern Europe, we focus on themes of cultural contact, conflict and change in order to understand the complex roots of conventional “Western” history. Introductory course to the major and minor.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH      BU: HUM      FA: SSP
L22 History 102C. Western Civilization
This course provides an introduction to the history of modern Europe. It begins by following Europeans from the upheavals of the Enlightenment to the French Revolution, and from the industrial revolution to the era of nation-state building; continues by exploring how Europeans became embroiled in the scramble for empire, the era of “totalitarianism,” and two disastrous world wars; and ends by examining how Europeans coped with the divisions of the Cold War, the collapse of communism, and the challenges of unification and resurgent nationalism. Introductory course to the major and minor.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH, SD      BU: HUM      FA: SSP
L22 History 1053. Freshman Seminar: Introduction to African History: Sport and Nationalism in Africa
Nationalism is often studied purely as a political force, both in the colonial states and post-colonial nation-states. An examination of sport and society though the twentieth century in Africa shows that people have used sport and other leisure activities to press social and political agendas that extend beyond the field or court. Using a variety of primary and secondary sources from all different disciplines and media, this course introduces students to the study of history in Africa by examining the changing relations of African people with the state in the 20th century through the lens of sport and leisure.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH
L22 History 1116. Freshman Seminar: Race, Ethnicity and Nation in Latin America and the Caribbean
This course examines the historical formation of racial and ethnic discourses, identities, and communities in Latin America and the Caribbean from the colonial period to the present. The course focuses on how race relations have shaped Latin American and Caribbean society over time, as well as how race and racial identities have been central to the construction of Latin-American national identities in the 19th and 20th centuries. Topics covered include: slavery and blackness; creole and creolization; new categories of people such as Indians, mestizos and mulattos; nation building and racial discourse, including racial democracy, cosmic race, racelessness, gender and honor, and mestizaje; immigration to Latin America; and U.S. and Latin-American race relations in comparative perspective.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH, CD, SD
L22 History 131C. Early Political Thought: Text and Tradition
Same as Hum 203C
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH      BU: HUM      FA: SSP
L22 History 132C. Topics in European History: Text and Tradition
Same as Hum 207C
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH      BU: HUM      FA: SSP
L22 History 1520. Freshman Seminar: The Politics of Health in the Modern Middle East
Middle Eastern history has often been studied in terms of political and military conflicts while other aspects of society are marginalized. This course looks at how public health, medical knowledge and particular gender norms were implicated in creating and maintaining modern states and communities in the 20th century. The course covers topics such as: “muscular Judaism” and Zionism; fertility and modernity; gender roles and militarism; psychiatry and religion; the state’s role in preserving health; and pluralism in the provision of health services.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH, SD
L22 History 154. Freshman Seminar: Saints and Society
The topic of this course is saints and society in medieval and early modern Europe. It explores the complex relationships between exceptional holy men and women, the historical settings in which they lived, and the religious and cultural traditions on which they drew. It considers saints as both embodiments of the highest ideals of their societies and radical challenges to ordinary patterns of social existence.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH      BU: ETH
L22 History 156. Freshman Seminar: England in the Age of Shakespeare
This course examines certain themes central to our understanding of Shakespeare’s England, such as monarchy, order, power and the limits on action; national identity; gender; and family. Students read and discuss modern historical scholarship, a range of contemporary sources, and Shakespeare’s plays, and the relationship between them.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH      BU: HUM
L22 History 163. Freedom, Citizenship and the Making of American Culture from the Colonial Era to the Present
This course offers a broad survey of American history from the era before European settlement of North America to the late 20th century. The course explores the emergence and geographic expansion of the United States and addresses changes in what it meant to be an American during the nation’s history. Tracing major changes in the nation’s economic structures, politics, social order and culture, the course chronicles, among other issues, changes in the meanings of freedom, citizenship and American identity. Introductory course to the major and minor.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH, CD, SD      BU: HUM      FA: SSP
L22 History 164. Introduction to World History: Theory and Practice
As an introduction to world and comparative history, this course tours the globe in an era when the world was engulfed by war. World War II was a period of intense violence, upheaval and profound change that touched every continent in one way or another by destroying, remaking and inventing international, domestic and local institutions. Where conventional studies of the conflict focus on military and diplomatic matters, this course surveys the causes, scope and consequences of World War II for a representative sample of the common people of Europe, the Americas, Africa, the Middle East and Asia. It uses the war’s influence on race, gender, disease, propaganda, technology, literature, film, music and material culture to introduce students to the basic concepts and methodologies of world and comparative history. Introductory course to the major and minor.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH, CD      BU: IS      FA: SSP
L22 History 176. Freshman Seminar: A Nation Apart? Jewish Identity in an Age of Nationalism
Same as JNE 176
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH, SD
L22 History 201A. Text and Tradition: Puzzles and Revolutions
Same as Hum 201A
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH      BU: SCI      FA: NSM
L22 History 2030. Freshman Seminar: The Enigma of Thomas Jefferson
Who was Thomas Jefferson and why has his reputation undergone so many changes? This course is an exercise in understanding how professional historians and the general public discover and use the past. It therefore sets four primary goals: to recover the past on its own terms; to understand the many different methods and standards applied in interpreting the past; to understand how and why each generation changes the way it views the past as it seeks to make it “useable”; and to develop the skills of exposition and argumentation necessary to describe and analyze complex historical issues and to express critical ideas effectively.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH
L22 History 2060. East Asia Since 1500
This course seeks to explain the emergence of three of the most dynamic societies in early modern (1500–1800) and modern (1800–present) times: China, Korea and Japan. In addition to offering an introductory overview of East Asian history, this course provides an alternative view to American and European interpretations of early modern and modern world history. Rather than imagining East Asia as a passive actor in history, this course explores the ways in which East Asia has shaped global modernity.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH, CD
L22 History 2081. History, Text and Identity: Introduction to Jewish Civilization
Same as JNE 208F
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH      BU: ETH, IS      FA: SSP
L22 History 2090. Freshman Seminar: Chinese Diasporas
China has had one of the most mobile populations in world history. This freshman seminar explores migration patterns and networks in the creation of Chinese diasporas in the early modern and modern eras (1500–present). Rather than focus exclusively on the history of China or the Chinese overseas, this course more broadly considers practices and networks that sustained and linked internal and external migrations.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH      BU: IS
L22 History 2091. Freshman Seminar: The City in Early Modern Europe
Cities were important political, economic and population centers in early modern Europe. For its diverse inhabitants, a city functioned as a source of identity and support and as a site for economic and social conflict. Using a wide variety of primary and secondary sources, this class examines how men and women, rich and poor, established citizens and marginal groups, tried to understand and manage the urban experience.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH, SD      BU: BA, HUM      FA: SSP
L22 History 2131. French Language Colloquium: French Art and Politic in the Belle Epoque
Same as Art-Arch 213
Credit 1 unit.      A&S: TH
L22 History 214C. Introduction to Islamic Civilization
Same as JNE 210C
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH, CD      BU: ETH, IS      FA: SSP
L22 History 2152. The Theory and Practice of Justice: The American Historical Experience
This introductory course uses historical case studies combined with readings in law, literature and philosophy to illuminate key episodes in which definitions of justice were contested in 19th- and 20th-century America. Some of the conflicts explored include: Civil War era debates over southern secession; whether reparation should be offered to freed people to redress the injustices of racial slavery; the denial of voting rights to women as a case of “taxation without representation”; 20th-century controversies over legal bans on racial intermarriage; free speech vs. hate speech in the 1960s and ’70s; and recent debates over affirmative action and gay marriage.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH, SD      BU: BA, ETH, HUM      FA: SSP
L22 History 217C. The Atlantic World, 1000–1800
Survey of the peoples, cultures and civilizations that bordered and traveled the Atlantic Ocean from Norse voyages up to the Napoleonic Wars. Examines the importance of the Atlantic as a frontier, an economic resource, a highway and an impetus to technological innovation. Considers also the political, cultural, economic and demographic effects of increasing contact among Europeans, Americans and Africans.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH, CD
L22 History 2250. Freshman Seminar: African-American Women’s History: Sexuality, Violence and the Love of Hip-Hop
Black women, much like their male counterparts, have shaped the contours of African-American history and culture. This course explores the lived experiences of Black women in North America through a focus on the critical themes of violence and sexuality. We examine African-American women as the perpetrators and the victims of violence, as the objects of sexual surveillance and exploration of the range of contemporary debates concerning the intersections of race, class and gender, particularly within the evolving hip-hop movement.
Same as AFAS 2250
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH, SD      BU: BA
L22 History 244. War, Rebellion and the Formation of American Identity, 1754–1865
Same as AMCS 244
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH
L22 History 2560. Freshman Seminar: Conquest Cultures: Colonialism, Violence and Memory in Latin America
What was the Spanish Conquest? How have projects of colonization, acculturation and religious conversion been pursued in Latin America since? Beginning with the military campaigns of Spanish conquistadores in the 16th century and ending with literary reinterpretations of the Spanish Conquest by Latin American writers, we explore the perpetuation of violence in the service of empire, Christianity and nation-state formation through primary documents, films, art, literature and scholarly work. The goal is to go beyond Columbus, Cortés, Pizarro and other famous explorers to understand the range of actors who have played a role as interpreters, military allies and chroniclers, with special emphasis on women and people of native American and African descent. This seminar is intended as a critical introduction to some of the major problems in Latin American history for students with limited prior knowledge of the region.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH, CD
L22 History 2590. Freshman Seminar: From the “City on a Hill” to 9/11: Religion and Social Justice in America
Recent debates surrounding post-9/11 Americans’ fear of Islam may be dismissed as erratic manifestations of a beleaguered minority of fundamentalists. At the root of their ideology, however, lies a much more widespread and common American belief. From the Puritans’ search to build the “city on a hill,” to the growing conflation of Islam with terrorism, Americans have long nurtured a self-identity as “God’s chosen people,” an idea that has helped them justify and normalize a theology of both conquest and suffering. This belief worked in conjunction with the development of capitalism and notions of racial hierarchy to support structures of power created to dominate and colonize groups of people, but it also prompted religious prophets to resist those very structures and create a theology of the oppressed. This course analyzes how religion served to both buttress and contest notions of social domination, punishment, reform and revolution in the U.S. from the colonial era to the present. Attention is paid to the voices of established religious leaders for whom the Church was their home, as well as religious dissidents who often were outcast as lunatics. Topics include the American Jeremiad, abolitionism, slave rebellions, Native American Catholicism, Fundamentalism, the Catholic Worker Movement, Pacifism, the Black Freedom Struggle, the Moral Majority and Post-9/11 military and gender interventions with the Islamic world.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH, SD
L22 History 2674. Sophomore Seminar: Slavery and Memory in American Popular Culture
Sophomores receive priority registration.The history of slavery has long created a sense of unease within the consciousness of many Americans. Recognizing this continued reality, this seminar examines how slavery is both remembered and silenced within contemporary popular culture. Although slavery scholarship continues to expand, how do everyday Americans gain access to the history of bondage? Moreover, how does the country as a whole embrace or perhaps deny what some deem a “stain” in American history? Taking an interdisciplinary approach to these intriguing queries, we examine a range of sources: literature, public history, art/poetry, visual culture, movies and documentaries, as well as contemporary music including reggae and hip-hop. The centerpiece of this course covers North American society, however, in order to offer a critical point of contrast students are challenged to explore the varied ways slavery is commemorated in others parts of the African Diaspora.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH, CD
L22 History 2845. Freshman Seminar: States of Nature: The Natural Order of Society in Western Thought
This small-group discussion course gives full attention to the major moments and movements of modern European history, 1650 to the present. We also examine some fundamental texts in the Western traditions, from the Enlightenment to Romanticism; from Marxism to Darwinism and feminism; to the diverse thought of the 20th century. Its organizing idea is that an evolving notion of “nature” and “the natural order” has impacted Europe’s definition of the state, and shaped its image of a just society. This course fulfills one of the introductory course requirements for the major in History, however, students cannot get credit for both this course and History 102C.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH      BU: IS
L22 History 299. Undergraduate Internship in History
Students receive credit for a faculty-directed and approved internship. Registration requires completion of the Learning Agreement, which the student obtains from the Career Center and which must be filled out and signed by the Career Center and the faculty sponsor prior to beginning internship work. Credit should correspond to actual time spent in work activities, e.g., eight to 10 hours a week for 13 or 14 weeks to receive 3 units of credit; 1 or 2 credits for fewer hours. Students may not receive credit for work done for pay but are encouraged to obtain written evaluations about such work for the student’s academic adviser and career placement file.
Credit variable, maximum 3 units.      FA: SSP
L22 History 3002. Independent Work
Permission of the instructor is required.
Credit 3 units.
L22 History 3011. Biblical Law and the Origins of Western Justice
Same as JNE 3012
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH, CD, SD
L22 History 3012. Modern British History: 1688–2000
This course examines the social and political history of Great Britain from the Glorious Revolution to the present day. Major themes include the forging of a “British” identity, the acquisition of Empire, economics, transition and religious conflict.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH      BU: IS
L22 History 301A. Historical Methods
This is a small-group reading course in which students are introduced to the skills essential to the historian's craft. Emphasis is on acquiring research skills, learning to read historical works critically, and learning to use primary and secondary sources to make a persuasive and original argument. See Course Listings for current topics. Required for history majors who declared the major after July 2007.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH      BU: HUM
L22 History 3021. Introduction to the History and Culture of Ancient Mesopotamia
Same as JNE 302
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH      BU: ETH, HUM
L22 History 3032. Problems in U.S. Environmental History
This course addresses the historical background and present-day conditions of a key problem in U.S. environmental history: evolving conceptions of the relationship between environment and disease, both infectious and chronic. It takes up the juncture between expert and common knowledge, in other words, the social, cultural and political contextualization of science. In exploring environment and disease, we take an incisive look at particularly potent points of controversy: germ theory; industrial health and safety; toxic chemicals and asbestos; and nuclear environments, from fallout to the radioactive workplace.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH      FA: SSP
L22 History 3042. Two Renaissance Cities: Approaches to Early Modern Culture
This course explores Renaissance texts, images and contexts. We compare the experience and the artifacts of two cities, one Italian and one outside Italy, in order to assess the viability of “the Renaissance” as a pan-European cultural label; we note the pressures of urban and court life on cultural production; and we observe the interaction of intellectual and aesthetic self-confidence with the concerns of politics and patronage.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH
L22 History 3043. Renaissance Europe
The Renaissance was a time of tremendous cultural change, global expansion and political and religious conflict that gave birth to the modern world. Yet, these dynamic developments were produced by an anxious society, where limited technological capabilities and an increasingly rigid system of social and gender divisions discouraged innovation and encouraged repressive measures. This course seeks to answer the question of how these contradictory impulses shaped the European Renaissance.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH, SD      BU: ETH
L22 History 3056. Material Culture in Modern China
Same as Anthro 3056
Credit 3 units.      A&S: SS, CD      FA: SSP
L22 History 3058. Musica Ebraica: Jewish Identities in Western Music from 1600 to the 21st Century
Same as JNE 3581
Credit 3 units.      A&S: LA, CD      BU: HUM
L22 History 3060. East Asia Since 1500
This course seeks to explain the emergence of three of the most dynamic societies in early modern (1500–1800) and modern (1800–present) times: China, Korea and Japan. In addition to offering an introductory overview of East Asian history, this course provides an alternative view to American and European interpretations of early modern and modern world history. Rather than imagining East Asia as a passive actor in history, this course explores the ways in which East Asia has shaped global modernity.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH, CD      BU: IS
L22 History 3066. The American City in the 19th and 20th Centuries
This course explores the cultural, political and economic history of U.S. cities in the 19th and 20th centuries. The course focuses on New York, Chicago, St. Louis, Los Angeles and Atlanta, although other cities may be included. Students conduct significant primary research on sections of St. Louis, developing a detailed history of one of the city’s neighborhoods. Much of the course readings address broad themes such as immigration, industrialization, deindustrialization and race and gender relations in American cities.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH, SD      BU: HUM      FA: SSP
L22 History 3072. Cracks in the Republic: Discontent, Dissent and Protest in America, 1950–1975
This course examines the rise and impact of several major political, social and cultural protest movements in the United States during the middle part of the 20th century. It focuses on the Beats, Civil Rights, New Left, Anti-Vietnam War, Counter-Culture, Black Nationalism, Ethnic Consciousness, Women’s Liberation and Gay/Lesbian Liberation, and contextualizes these movements within major national and international developments including Jim Crow and de facto segregation, middle-class ennui and the Cold War. We pay special attention to the role of youth activism and the methods of dissent and protest used to challenge the status quo. Throughout the course we ask and seek answers to the following questions: What was the nature of these movements? What were their differences and similarities? How was the United States changed significantly during this period and what remained relatively the same? Were those engaged in activism unrealistic in their assumptions, discontent, dissent and protest, or was it a time when many Americans, even those who were passive or who opposed the protesters, reflected upon issues of privilege and political, economic and social power?
Credit 4 units.      A&S: TH, SD      BU: BA      FA: SSP
L22 History 307C. English and Colonial Foundations of American Law to 1776
The role of law and legal institutions in the establishment of societies by the various peoples of the New World. Although some attention is paid to Native American, African, French and Spanish traditions and practices, the basis of the course is the creation of a new Anglo-American legal culture on the fundamental structures and principles of English law.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH      BU: HUM      FA: SSP
L22 History 3091. Poverty and Social Reform in American History
This course explores the history of dominant ideas about the causes of and solutions to poverty in American society from the early republic to the end of the 20th century. We investigate changing economic, cultural and political conditions that gave rise to new populations of impoverished Americans, and to the expansion or contraction of poverty rates at various times in American history.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH, SD      BU: BA      FA: SSP
L22 History 3100. Contemporary Jewish Thought
Same as JNE 310
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH      BU: ETH      FA: Lit, SSP
L22 History 310C. The Jews in the Ancient World
Same as JNE 301C
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH, CD      BU: BA, HUM      FA: SSP
L22 History 3120. South Asian Traditions
Same as Re St 312
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH, CD
L22 History 3122. Race, Caste, Conversion: Social Movements in South Asia
It is a truism that caste-based injustice is one of the abiding forms of inequality in South Asia. But what precisely is a caste, and how is injustice to be removed? In this course, students explore different theories of caste, beginning with the race-inflected theories of the 19th century; and different approaches to the remediation of inequalities, including social reform, religious conversion, political organization and legal remedies. Students also compare caste reform with gender reform and consider how the experience of caste is inflected by gender.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH, CD, SD
L22 History 3124. 9/11 in World History
A century from now, historians will identify 9/11 as a milestone in 20th- and 21st-century world history. This course questions why a single terrorist episode redefined the landscape of global geopolitics. It proceeds from the assumption that the tragedy’s global consequences stem no less from the historical context of the Muslim world than from America’s contemporary superpower status. Put more simply, a rigorous world history lens upon 20th century Islam is a prerequisite for understanding 9/11’s profound transnational significance in our time and for future generations.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH, CD
L22 History 313C. Islamic History: 600–1200
The cultural, intellectual and political history of the Islamic world, beginning with the prophetic mission of Muhammad and concluding with the Mongol invasions. Topics covered include: the life of Muhammad; the early Muslim conquests; the institution of the caliphate; the translation movement from Greek into Arabic and the emergence of Arabic as a language of learning and artistic expression; the development of new educational, legal and pietistic institutions; changes in agriculture, crafts, commerce and the growth of urban culture; multiculturalism and inter-confessional interaction among Jews, Christians, Muslims, Zoroastrians and others; large-scale movements of nomadic peoples; synoptic glances at Islamic polities in Sicily, Spain, North Africa, the Near East as well as Central and South Asia.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH      BU: IS      FA: SSP
L22 History 3149. The Late Ottoman Middle East
This course surveys the Middle East in the late Ottoman period (essentially the 18th and 19th centuries, up to World War I). It examines the central Ottoman state and the Ottoman provinces as they were incorporated into the world economy, and how they responded to their peripheralization in that process. Students focus on how everyday people’s lived experiences were affected by the increased monetarization of social and economic relations; changes in patterns of land tenure and agriculture; the rise of colonialism; state efforts at modernization and reform; shifts in gender relations; and debates over the relationship of religion to community and political identity.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH, CD, SD      BU: IS
L22 History 314C. Islamic History: 1200–1800
An introduction to Islamic polities and societies from the Mongol conquests to the 13th century to the collapse and weakening of the colossal “gunpowder” empires of the Ottomans, Safavids and Mughals in the early 18th century. Broadly speaking, this course covers the Middle Period (1000–1800) of Islamic history, sandwiched between the Early and High Caliphal periods (600–100) on the one hand and the Modern Period (1800–present) on the other hand. Familiarity with the Early and High Caliphal periods is not assumed. The course is not a “survey” of this period but a series of “windows” that allow you to develop both an in-depth understanding of some key features of Islamic societies and a clear appreciation of the challenges (as well as the rewards!) that await historians of the Middle Period. Particular attention is given to the Mamluk and Ottoman Middle East, Safavid Iran and Mughal India.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH, CD      BU: IS      FA: SSP
L22 History 3150. The Middle East in the 20th Century
This course surveys the history of the Middle East since World War I. Major analytical themes include: colonialism; Orientalism; the formation of the regional nation-state system; the formation and political mobilization of new social classes; changing gender relations; the development of new forms of appropriation of economic surplus (oil, urban industry) in the new global economy; the role of religion; the Middle East as an arena of the Cold War; conflict in Israel/Palestine; and new conceptions of identity associated with these developments (Arabism, local patriotism, Islamism).
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH, CD, SD      BU: IS
L22 History 3151. The Palestinian-Israeli Conflict, 1881–Present
This class traces the roots of the Palestinian-Israeli conflict back to Europe, Istanbul and late Ottoman Palestine. During this period, we observe how the Palestinian-Israeli conflict developed as a regional conflict; move on to the British mandate period, and then cover events in Israel and the Palestinian territories once the land was united following the 1967 war, including the rise of the PLO and its impact on Israel.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH      BU: IS
L22 History 3161. Chinese Social History: Urban Transformations
The course examines major themes and debates in Chinese urban history since the mid-19th century. Topics include: the Western impact; the construction of modernity; elite activism and authoritarianism; consumerism and nationalism; shifting gender roles; political mobilization and social networking; and the Communist revolution. Understanding and analyzing the nuance and difference in views and interpretations in historical writings (historiography) are essential.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH      FA: SSP
L22 History 3162. Early Modern China: 1350–1800
This course examines political, socioeconomic and intellectual — cultural developments in Chinese society from the middle of the 14th century to 1800. This chronological focus largely corresponds to the last two imperial dynasties, the Ming (1368–1644) and Qing (1644–1911). Thematically, the course emphasizes such early-modern indigenous developments as increasing commercialization, social mobility and questioning of received cultural values.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH, CD      BU: IS
L22 History 3165. The Chinese Diaspora to 1949
China has had one of the most mobile populations in world history. This course explores migration patterns and networks in the creation of Chinese diasporas in the early modern and modern eras (1500–present). Rather than focus exclusively on the history of China or the Chinese overseas, this course more broadly considers practices and networks that sustained and linked internal and external migrations. Specific topics include: the internal migration that has helped to consolidate the borders of the modern Chinese state, such as Chinese migration to the southwest in the 18th century, to Taiwan in the 19th and 19th centuries, and into western China in recent decades as well as overseas Chinese migration to Southeast Asia, Australia, Europe and the Americas, including St. Louis. In addition to examining how Chinese immigrants have adapted to local conditions both within and outside China, this course explores the practices that have created and sustained diasporic networks in nearly every part of the world today.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH, CD
L22 History 316C. Modern China: 1890s to the Present
A survey of China’s history from the clash with Western powers in the 1800s to the present-day economic revolution. This course examines the background to the 1911 revolution that destroyed the old political order. Then it follows the great cultural and political movements that lead to the Communist victory in 1949. The development of the People’s Republic is examined in detail, from Mao to the global economy.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH, CD      BU: IS      FA: SSP
L22 History 3172. Queer Histories
Same as WGSS 3172
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH, SD
L22 History 3192. Modern South Asia
This course covers the history of the Indian subcontinent in the 19th and 20th centuries. We shall look closely at a number of issues including colonialism in India; anti-colonial movements; the experiences of women; the interplay between religion and national identity; and popular culture in modern India. Political and social history is emphasized equally.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH, CD      BU: HUM, IS      FA: SSP
L22 History 3202. Japan From Earliest Times to 1868
A survey of the history of the Japanese archipelago from prehistory to the Meji Restoration of 1868, this course is designed to acquaint students with pre-industrial Japanese society and the discipline of history. In addition to tracing political, social and cultural narratives across time, we focus on three themes: the emergence of a centralized state and the subsequent transition from aristocratic to warrior to commoner rule; interactions with the world beyond Japan’s borders; and issues of gender and sexuality.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH, CD      BU: IS
L22 History 320C. Japan Since 1868
For some, “Japan” evokes “Hello Kitty,” animated films, cartoons and sushi. For others, the Nanjing Atrocity, “Comfort Women,” the Bataan Death March and problematic textbooks. For still others, woodblock prints, tea ceremony and cherry blossoms, or Sony Walkmans and Toyotas. Still others may hold no image at all. Tracing the story of Japan’s transformations, from a pre-industrial peasant society managed by samurai-bureaucrats into an expansionist nation-state and then to its current paradoxical guise of a peaceful nation of culture led by conservative nationalists, provides the means for deepening our understanding of historical change in one region and grappling with the methods and aims of the discipline of history.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH, CD      BU: IS      FA: SSP
L22 History 3212. Special Topics in History: Keble College, Oxford
See department.
Credit variable, maximum 10 units.      A&S: TH      FA: SSP
L22 History 321C. Introduction to Colonial Latin America
This course surveys the history of Latin America from the era of Spanish exploration and conquest up to the Wars of Independence (roughly 1492 to 1831). Stressing the experiences and cultural contributions of Americans, Europeans and Africans, we consider the following topics through primary written documents, but also music, painting and architecture: Aztec, Maya, Inca and Iberian civilizations; models of conquest in comparative perspective (Spanish, Portuguese and Amerindian); consolidation in labor, tributary and judicial systems; religion and the Catholic Church; sugar and mining industries, trade and global economies; urban and rural life; and ethnic, caste, class and gender relations. Brazil provides a continuous counterpoint to Mexico and the Andes, while the experiences of “fringe” areas of empire, such as Haiti, Cuba, Argentina and northern Mexico, become central in the second half of the course.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH, CD      BU: HUM, IS      FA: SSP
L22 History 322C. Modern Latin America
Latin-American history from Independence to the present. Topics covered include the Wars of Independence; slavery and indigenous people in new Latin-American nations; postcolonial Latin-American state and society; ideas of race and ethnicity in Latin America and the Caribbean; U.S.–Latin American relations; Peron, Vargas and Populism; the Mexican and Cuban Revolutions; the Cold War in Latin America; Latin American arts and popular culture; terror and violence under military dictatorships and popular resistance movements; and the left-turn in recent Latin-American politics.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH, CD      BU: IS      FA: SSP
L22 History 3261. American Economic History
Same as Econ 326
Credit 3 units.      A&S: SS      BU: BA      FA: SSP
L22 History 3262. The Early Medieval World: 300–1000
A principal theme of this course is the Christianization of Europe. From the emergence of the Christian church in the Roman Empire and the conversion of the emperor Constantine in 312 through the turbulent adoptions of Christianity by different cultures in the Early Middle Ages; the rise of Islam in the 7th century; the Arab conquests of north Africa and southern Europe; and the Byzantine empire, especially in Constantinople.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH, CD      BU: IS      FA: SSP
L22 History 3263. The High Middle Ages: 1000–1500
This course begins with the first millennium in the West and ends with the arrival of Europeans in the Americas. We explore issues such as the relationship of popes to kings, of cities to villages, of Jews to Christians, of vernacular literature to Latin, of knights to peasants, of the sacred to the profane.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH, CD      BU: IS      FA: SSP
L22 History 3266. Scholarship and the Screen: Medieval History and Modern Film
Historical films are surprisingly accurate reflections of modern historiographical trends in the study of the Middle Ages. This course uses films on the Middle Ages, medieval documentary evidence, scholarship from the time the film was released, and current scholarship. It explores the shifts in historical interpretation of the Middle Ages over the past century and engages in debates over what evoking the past means for the scholar and the filmmaker.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH      BU: IS
L22 History 326B. Latin-American Politics
Same as Pol Sci 326B
Credit 3 units.      A&S: SS      BU: IS      FA: SSP
L22 History 3302. Religion and Science
Same as Re St 3301
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH      BU: ETH
L22 History 3303. History of American Cinema
Same as Film 330
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH      BU: HUM      FA: AH
L22 History 331. 19th-Century China: Violence and Transformation
This course traces the history of China over the course of the 19th century, with an emphasis on social and cultural history. This was one of the most tumultous centuries in Chinese history, during which China faced threats from abroad in the form of Western and Japanese imperialism, and from within, in the form of environmental degradation and rebellions resulting in an unprecedented loss of human life. The 19th century has thus often been portrayed as a period of sharp decline for China. At the same time, we explore the ways in which the origins of the dynamic society and economy found in China today, as well as the worldwide influence of overseas Chinese, can be traced to this century of turnoil.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH, CD
L22 History 3311. Topics in American Culture Studies: Exploring America, 1957
Same as AMCS 330
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH      BU: BA      FA: SSP
L22 History 333. The Holocaust: History and Memory
Origins, causes and significance of the Nazi attempt to destroy European Jewry within the context of European and Jewish history. Related themes: the Holocaust in literature; the psychology of murderers and victims, bystanders and survivors; and contemporary implications of the Holocaust for theology and politics.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH, SD      BU: ETH, HUM, IS      FA: SSP
L22 History 3340. Gender, Health and Resistance: Comparative Slavery in the African Diaspora
Slavery is a field of historical study that continues to undergo considerable transformation within scholarly investigation. As such, scholars have sought to initiate much broader understandings of the evolution of slavery across both time and geographical space. This course utilizes a comparative approach to examine the experiences of enslavement common throughout the African Diaspora, particularly within the United States, the Caribbean and parts of Latin America. Some themes briefly covered within this course include gender, sexuality, community, resistance, medicine, labor and culture. As a comparative course, students are challenged to go beyond the traditional narrative of the African-American experience in order to fundamentally understand the linkages of oppression, survival and even liberation, which arguably shaped the lives of enslaved and free populations within and across the Diaspora.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH, CD
L22 History 334C. Crusade, Disputation and Coexistence: Jews in Christian Europe
This course investigates some of the major themes in the history of the Jews in Europe, from the High Middle Ages to the eve of the French Revolution. Jews constituted a classic, nearly continuous minority in the premodern Christian world — a world that was not known for tolerating dissent. Or was it? One of the main purposes of the course is to investigate the phenomenon of majority/minority relations, to examine the ways in which the Jewish community interacted with and experienced European societies, cultures and politics. We look at the dynamics of boundary formation and cultural distinctiveness; the limits of religious and social tolerance; the nature and contexts of persecution; and the prospects for Jewish integration to Europe during the course of the Enlightenment era. Our course also highlights the particular historical experiences, cultural and religious developments, and communal patterns of the Jews during this time.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH, CD      BU: ETH, HUM, IS      FA: SSP
L22 History 3350. Out of the Shtetl: Jews in Central and Eastern Europe Between Empire, State and Nation
Is there an East/West divide in Jewish history (perhaps more than one)? What did it mean to emerge from the small market towns and villages of Central and Eastern Europe to confront modern states, empires and nations? This course examines the Jewish historical experience in the countries that make up Central and Eastern Europe (the Bohemian lands, Hungary, Poland, Russia and Romania) from the 16th century to the collapse of the Soviet empire. It looks at patterns in Jewish culture, society and politics as well as the changing dynamic of Jewish interactions with state, society and community.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH
L22 History 335C. Becoming “Modern”: Emancipation, Anti-Semitism and Nationalism in Modern Jewish History
This course offers a survey of the Jewish experience in the modern world by asking, at the outset, what it means to be — or to become — modern. We begin with the Enlightenment and the formation of the modern state and end with American and Israeli settings at the close of the 20th century. The cultural, social and political lives of Jews have undergone tremendous transformations and dislocations over this time — a period marked by innovation, tragedy and success. Among the themes that we explore in depth are: the campaigns for and against Jewish “emancipation”; acculturation and religious reform; traditionalism and modernism in Eastern Europe; the rise of political and racial anti-Semitism; mass migration and the formation of American Jewry; varieties of Jewish national politics; Jewish-Gentile relations between the World Wars; the destruction of European Jewry; the emergence of a Jewish nation-state; and Jewish culture and identity since 1945.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH, CD      BU: ETH, HUM      FA: SSP
L22 History 336C. History of the Jews in Islamic Lands
This course is a survey of Jewish communities in the Islamic world, their social, cultural and intellectual life from the rise of Islam to the Imperial Age. Topics include: Muhammad, the Qur’an and the Jews; the legal status of Jews under Islam; the spread of Rabbinic Judaism in the Abbasid empire; the development of new Jewish identities under Islam (Karaites); Jewish traders and scholars in Fatimid Egypt; the flourishing of Jewish civilization in Muslim Spain (al-Andalus); and Sephardi (Spanish) Jews in the Ottoman empire. On this background, we look closely at some of the major Jewish philosophical and poetical works originating in Islamic lands. Another important source we study are documents from the Cairo Genizah, reflecting social history, the status of women and other aspects of daily life. Primary and secondary readings (in translation) are supplemented by audiovisual materials.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH      BU: HUM      FA: SSP
L22 History 3402. Money and Morals in the Age of Merchant Capital
Between the late medieval period and the 18th century, Europe underwent an economic transformation that, while creating an expansive and dynamic European economy, also prompted much debate and discussion about the changing patterns of production, consumption and social relations that went hand-in-hand with new economic practices. As state officials worked to make economic policies fit in with national priorities, other writers proclaimed that stock market bubbles, shady business practices and the materialism and fickleness of consumers signaled the decline of morality and civilization.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH      BU: IS      FA: SSP
L22 History 341. The Jewish People In America
Same as JNE 341
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH      BU: HUM
L22 History 3413. Women in Early Modern Europe
From the Renaissance to the Enlightenment, European women experienced tremendous change as Europe witnessed religious upheaval, economic retrenchment, political consolidation and intellectual revolution. However, many of the core ideas about women’s role and status remained remarkably stable during this period, and women continually struggled to create opportunity for themselves. We examine both the changing and unchanging nature of women’s lives through sources such as conduct manuals for women; biographies about women from different economic, social and religious backgrounds; and the works of female authors.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH, SD      BU: BA      FA: SSP
L22 History 3415. Jewish-Gentile Relations in the United States, 1830–1970
Same as JNE 3415
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH      BU: BA
L22 History 341C. Ancient History: The Roman Republic
Same as Classics 341C
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH      BU: HUM      FA: SSP
L22 History 3420. Americans and Their Presidents
Same as AMCS 3422
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH
L22 History 342C. Ancient History: The Roman Empire
Same as Classics 342C
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH      BU: HUM, IS      FA: SSP
L22 History 343C. Europe in the Age of Reformation
At the beginning of the 16th century, Europe was torn apart by the theological, social and political upheaval created by Martin Luther’s challenge to the Roman Catholic Church. We examine the late medieval history of dissent and the social and religious environment that made the Reformation possible. We also analyze the doctrines and the tactics of the principal branches of Protestantism and the Catholic Church’s response, and the social and political impact of the Reformation.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH, CD, SD      BU: BA, HUM      FA: SSP
L22 History 3440. The Social World of Early Christianity
From its very beginning, Christianity confronted pressing social issues, many of which still challenge us today. In this course, we examine a selection of these topics in the hope not only of understanding the historical development of Christian social practice and doctrine, but also of evaluating the “solutions” articulated by the early church. To this end, we complement our readings in the primary sources with essays drawn from the contemporary social sciences.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH      BU: ETH      FA: SSP
L22 History 3441. Introduction to European Studies
Same as IAS 344
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH, CD      BU: IS
L22 History 3450. Modern Germany
What does it mean to be German? How should Germany fit into Europe? What problem does the German past pose for today? These questions structure our survey of the forces that have shaped German history since 1800. After examining the multiplicity of German states that existed in 1800, we explore the forces that resulted in unification in 1871. We then turn to a study of modern Germany in its various forms, from the Empire through the Weimar Republic and Third Reich, to post-war division and reunification.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH, CD      BU: IS
L22 History 3456. Greek History: Archaic and Classical
Same as Classics 345C
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH      BU: HUM      FA: SSP
L22 History 346C. Greek History: The Age of Alexander
Same as Classics 346C
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH, CD      BU: HUM      FA: SSP
L22 History 3470. Gender and Citizenship
Same as WGSS 347
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH, WI      BU: BA
L22 History 3480. Hindu Traditions
Same as Re St 348
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH, CD, SD      BU: ETH
L22 History 3481. Rethinking the “Second Wave”: The History of U.S. Feminisms, 1960–1990
Same as WGSS 348
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH, SD      BU: BA
L22 History 3490. Europe in the 20th Century
In 1914, several European nations dominated much of the world through vast overseas empires in which they exercised military, political and economic power. This course explores the decline, fall and slow return of the “new Europe” by examining the history of Europe from World War I to the present. It considers the decline of Europe brought about by two devastating wars, and the crucial impact of war and genocide in shaping European politics, society and culture; the place of Europe in the Cold War; and the European retreat from empire in the post-war era.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH
L22 History 3510. Cultures of the Middle Ages: Death and Dying in Medieval Europe
Same as Med-Ren 351
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH, CD
L22 History 3520. Conquest and Colony: Cultural Encounters in the New World
This course studies the contrasting patterns of colonization in the New World, as this hemisphere was once termed by Europeans. Traditionally, such comparative studies have focused on the cultural differences among the European colonizers — the English, the French, the Spanish and so on. As the different groups confronted and dealt with each other in the 16th and 17th centuries, they established widely varying patterns of living that would have an impact on the histories of their descendents for generations to come.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH, CD
L22 History 3530. Re-forming Ireland, 1500–1700
Ireland in the 16th and 17th centuries was radically transformed. Not only were the political structures and the political culture of resurgent Gaeldom destroyed. Religious loyalties consolidated new Irish identities as protestantism — in the form of new waves of settlers and new flurries of English governmental interventions — obliterated inherited distinctions and divisions and defined all Roman Catholics as the enemy.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH, SD      BU: IS
L22 History 3531. Early-Modern England
Around 1500, England was an overwhelmingly agrarian society dominated by crown and aristocracy; by 1700, political power had been redistributed by revolution while commercialization, “science” and empire-building were well under way. Through lecture and discussion and through readings in a variety of autobiographical and other writings, including some of the great works of literature, we examine how contemporaries sought to shape, or to come to terms with, their world.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH      BU: HUM      FA: SSP
L22 History 3532. Faith and Power in Early Modern England
This course examines the often-explosive relations between religious faith and political power in 16th- and 17th-century England: a time of the conquest of Ireland; the burning of martyrs; the hanging of witches and puritan experiments in New and old England. It explores the painful process by which a general commitment to religious unity and coercion eroded to allow space to the individual conscience.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH
L22 History 3550. Composing the Self in Early-Modern Europe
This course explores manners of thinking about the self in early-modern Europe, (ca. 1400–1800). During this period, the human person was not regarded as a static category; rather, men and women formulated multiple ways of being a self in relation to God, the state, the family and other persons in society. Discussion revolves around autobiographical writings as well as a selection of theological, philosophical and literary works.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH
L22 History 3553. French Revolution to Napoleon III
The focus of this course is on the French Revolution of 1789–1799 and France under Napoleon Bonaparte, but the topics discussed begin with the crisis of the French monarchy at the end of the Old Regime and end with the reign of the last French monarch, Emperor Napoleon III.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH      BU: HUM, IS
L22 History 3560. Russia and the West
Same as Hum 3560
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH
L22 History 356C. 20th-Century Russian History
A survey of Russian history from 1900 to the present. The course emphasizes the Russian Revolutions at the beginning and end of the century; Stalinism, de-Stalinization and postcommunist society. Much attention is given to the assumptions and conclusions of schools of historical analysis: Marxist, totalitarianism, Kremlinologist and revisionist.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH      BU: IS      FA: SSP
L22 History 3585. Music in the Holocaust: Sonic Portrayals from Past and Present
Same as JNE 3584
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH
L22 History 3588. The Soundtrack of Israeli History
Same as JNE 3583
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH, CD
L22 History 359. Topics in European History: Modern European Women
This course examines the radical transformation in the position and perspective of European women since the 18th century. The primary geographical focus is on Britain, France and Germany. Topics include: changing relations between the sexes; the emergence of mass feminist movements; the rise of the “new woman”; women and war; and the cultural construction and social organization of gender. We look at the lives of women as nurses, prostitutes, artists, mothers, hysterics, political activists, consumers and factory hands.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH, SD      BU: IS      FA: SSP
L22 History 3590. Topics in American Culture Studies
American Enlightenment — 18th-century thought and culture.
Same as AMCS 359
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH
L22 History 3598. The First World War and the Making of Modern Europe
World War I ushered our age into existence. Its memories still haunt us and its aftershocks shaped the course of the 20th century. The Russian Revolution, the emergence of new national states, fascism, Nazism, World War II and the Cold War are all its products. Today, many of the ethnic and national conflicts that triggered war in 1914 have resurfaced. Understanding World War I, in short, is crucial to understanding our own era.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH      BU: IS
L22 History 3603. Renaissance Italy
This course examines the social, cultural, intellectual and political history of late medieval and Renaissance Italy: civic life and urban culture; the crisis of the 14th century; the city-states of Renaissance Italy; the revival of classical antiquity; art and humanism of the Renaissance; culture, politics and society; Machiavelli and Renaissance political thought; the wars of Italy; religious crisis and religious reaction in the 16th century.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH
L22 History 3608. Science and Society Since 1800
This course surveys selected topics and themes in the history of modern science from 1800 to the present. Emphasis is on the life sciences, with some attention to the physical sciences.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH      FA: SSP
L22 History 3632. The American Frontier: 1776–1848
This course examines the nation’s shifting frontier from independence through the Mexican-American War. It considers people and places in flux as their nationality, demography and social order underwent dramatic changes. Students make use of an extensive electronic archive of primary sources including period documents, historic maps and contemporary art work, in order to consider how these sources confirm, reject or expand on the ideas they encounter in published scholarship.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH, CD, SD      BU: HUM      FA: SSP
L22 History 365. The New Republic: The United States, 1776–1850
A survey of American history from the eve of the Revolution to the eve of the Civil War. Topics covered include: the Revolution and its ambiguous legacies; the rise of democracy; the starkly paradoxical “marriage” of slavery and freedom; the creation of much of the America that we know; mass political parties; sustained capitalist growth; individualistic creeds; formalized and folkloric racism; technological innovation; literary experimentation; distinctively American legal, scientific and religious cultures; and the modern movements of labor, feminism and African-American empowerment.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH      BU: HUM, IS      FA: SSP
L22 History 366. The Civil War and Reconstruction: 1848–1877
This course is a survey of American history from 1848 to 1877, focusing on the Civil War and Reconstruction. The bloody conflict and its causes and consequences are explored from multiple perspectives: those of individuals such as Lincoln, McClellan, Davis, Douglass and Lee, who made momentous choices of the era; of groups such as the Radical Republicans and the black freed people who helped shape the actions of individuals; and of the historians, novelists, filmmakers and social movements that have struggled to define the war’s legacy for modern America.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH, SD      BU: HUM      FA: SSP
L22 History 3660. Narratives of Discovery
This course examines Europe’s encounter with the newly discovered lands and peoples of Africa, Asia and America through the writings of the travelers themselves. We read stories of exploration and conquest, cultural and commercial exchanges, religious visions and cannibal practices.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH
L22 History 367. Modern America: 1877–1929
The rise of industrial America: the social conflicts, cultural shifts, political responses and world status occasioned by industrial development in the United States, from Reconstruction to World War I. Key concerns include labor, race and women’s suffrage; popular culture; the bohemian avant-garde; consumerism; progressive reform; imperialism and the impact of World War I.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH      BU: BA, HUM      FA: SSP
L22 History 3670. The Long Civil Rights Movement
The Civil Rights Movement is known as a southern movement, led by church leaders and college students, fought through sit-ins and marches, dealing primarily with non-economic objectives, framed by a black and white paradigm, and limited to a single tumultuous decade. This course seeks to broaden our understanding of the movement geographically, chronologically and thematically. It pays special attention to struggles fought in the North, West and Southwest; it seeks to question binaries constructed around “confrontational” and “accommodationist” leaders; it reveals how Latinos, Native Americans and Asian Americans impacted and were impacted by the movement; and it seeks to link the public memory of this movement with contemporary racial politics.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH, SD
L22 History 3672. Medicine, Healing and Experimentation in the Contours of Black History
Conversations regarding the history of medicine continue to undergo considerable transformation within academia and the general public. The infamous Tuskegee syphilis experiment serves as a marker in the historical consciousness regarding African Americans and the medical profession. This course taps into this particular evolution, prompting students to broaden their gaze to explore the often delicate relationship of people of African descent within the realm of medicine and healing. Tracing the social nature of these medical interactions from the period of enslavement through the 20th century, this course examines the changing patterns of disease and illness, social responses to physical and psychological ailments, and the experimental and exploitative use of black bodies in the field of medicine. As a history course, the focus is extended toward the underpinnings of race and gender in the medical treatment allocated across time and space — the United States, Caribbean and Latin America — to give further insight into the roots of contemporary practice of medicine.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH, CD, SD
L22 History 368. Modern America Since 1929
This course offers an intensive survey of U.S. history since World War I, concentrating on key turns in the development of American life: social and political strains of the 1920s as part of the “new era” commenced by the Great War; responses to the Great Depression and the construction of a limited welfare state in the 1930s and 1940s; the rise of Cold War anticommunism in foreign and domestic affairs in the wake of World War II; the advent of a new period of social reform and disruptive protest in the 1950s and 1960s; the turn toward the political right since the 1970s; and the aftermath of the Cold War.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH      BU: HUM      FA: SSP
L22 History 3680. The Cold War, 1945–1991
This course presents an assessment of the Cold War from the perspective of its major participants. Topics include: the origins of the Cold War in Europe and Asia; the Korean War; the Stalin regime; McCarthyism and the Red Scare; the nuclear arms race; the conflict over Berlin; Cold War film and literature; superpower rivalry in Guatemala, Cuba, Vietnam, Africa and the Middle East; the rise and fall of detente; the Reagan years and the impact of Gorbechev; the East European Revolutions; and the end of the Cold War.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH      FA: SSP
L22 History 3711. The History of Popular Culture in the United States
Same as AMCS 3711
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH      BU: BA
L22 History 3712. Art and Culture in America’s Gilded Age
Same as Art-Arch 3712
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH      BU: BA      FA: AH
L22 History 372C. Law in American Life: 1776 to the Present
Among the many contradictions of American history, none has been more recurrent than the tension of justice and law — of aspiration and reality — as Americans have sought to make good on the promises of the Revolution. Although we pride ourselves as a nation devoted to the principle of “equal justice under the law,” the terms “equal” and “justice” have prompted bitter debate, and the way we place them “under law” has divided Americans as often as it has united them. It is the purpose of this course to examine the many and conflicting ways in which Americans have sought to use “law” to achieve the goals of the republic established in 1776. Viewing “law” as the contested terrain of justice, cultural construction, social necessity and self-interest, this course pays close attention to the way Americans have used, abused or evaded “law” thoughout their national history.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH, SD      BU: ETH, IS      FA: SSP
L22 History 373. History of United States Foreign Relations: To 1917
This course explores the major diplomatic, political, legal and economic issues shaping U.S. foreign relations in the 18th, 19th and early 20th centuries, up until the U.S. entry into World War I.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH      BU: HUM, IS      FA: SSP
L22 History 3741. History of United States: Foreign Relations: 1920–1989
This course explores the major diplomatic, political, legal and economic issues shaping U.S. foreign relations with the wider world from the 1920s to the “fall of Communism” in 1989.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH      BU: HUM, IS      FA: SSP
L22 History 3750. African-American Women in the 19th and 20th Centuries
Same as WGSS 3754
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH, SD      BU: BA
L22 History 3751. U.S. Women Since 1945
Through a combination of lectures and discussion, we identify and analyze important themes in the history of American women since 1945. Topics include: domesticity and the culture of the 1950s; gendering the cold war; women and racial politics; the social movements of the 1960s; the “sexual revolution”; second-wave feminism; the new right’s gender politics; and women, work and poverty at the century’s end. A central presumption of the class is that one cannot understand the recent history of the U.S. without understanding the histories of women and gender during this period.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH, SD      FA: SSP
L22 History 3752. Women in American History
This course provides an introduction to the major themes in U.S. women’s history from the period of colonial exploration and conquest to the present. In this course we learn about the terms, questions and methods used by women’s historians, and we use both primary and secondary sources to explore the diversity of women's experiences as they have been shaped by such factors as region, ethnicity, class, race, sexuality and politics, as well as ways in which women have acted as agents in shaping their own lives.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH, SD      BU: BA      FA: SSP
L22 History 3776. Sexuality, Courtship and Marriage in U.S. History
This course surveys the history of practices, identities, legal constructs and social norms relating to sexuality, courtship and marriage. Students particularly focus on locating the history of sexuality in its larger social, economic and cultural contexts. Students also discuss the experience of individuals or social groups who deviated from the socially and legally constructed norms of the day in order to gain insight into how the sexual order has developed as a whole in this country.
Same as WGSS 3776
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH, SD
L22 History 3789. Building St. Louis History
This course aims to provide a national and local understanding of how Americans and St. Louisans dealt with the problems of racism, poverty and sexism from 1945 to the present. While history courses traditionally require that students analyze the credibility and subjectivity of each historical source, this course further challenges students to use the methods of oral history to compare evidence from oral historical memory with written texts. By comparing St. Louis history with that of the rest of the nation, students analyze regional differences and understand the unique historical conditions that shaped this city.
Credit 4 units.      A&S: TH, SD
L22 History 3802. The Supreme Court in American Life, 1789–2006
From Marbury vs. Madison in the early 19th century to Dred Scott vs. Sanford on the eve of the Civil War and, more recently, Roe vs. Wade or Bush vs. Gore, the Supreme Court — its composition, its rulings and their legitimacy — has provoked intense, widespread legal, political, even ethical debate. This course is an historical survey of the Supreme Court’s history and of the Court’s broader resonance in American life and society, from the court’s first session in 1789 to the present.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH
L22 History 3812. Sufism: Mystics in Islam
This course is designed as a social and intellectual history of Sufism in all its major aspects. The course begins with a survey of Sufism’s formative period from the 9th to the 12th centuries CE, examining the emergence of key Sufi doctrines and practices as well as the formation of the first Sufi communities around accomplished masters. Then, the course traces the rise to social prominence of the Sufi mode of piety during and after the 12th century in the form of Sufi orders as well as the reaction of nonconformist Sufis to such increasing social success.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH, CD
L22 History 382C. The American School
Same as Educ 301C
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH, SD      BU: BA, ETH, HUM      FA: SSP
L22 History 385. Topics in American History
See Course Listings for current topics.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH      BU: ETH      FA: SSP
L22 History 3853. History of Electronic Media
Same as Film 350
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH      BU: HUM
L22 History 3878. Britain and Its Empire from 1688 to 1870
This course is an introduction to the history and culture of modern Britain and Ireland. We see how this damp archipelago off the northwestern coast of Europe extended its reach across the seas and throughout the world. The expansion of English power throughout the British Isles — and of British power throughout the world — was made possible by a combination of political stability, unifying nationalism and economic might, and we trace these developments from the assertion of Parliamentary supremacy in 1688 to the apex of Victorian civilization in 1870.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH      BU: IS
L22 History 3879. Britain and Its Empire Since 1870
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland entered the 20th century as an economic and political superpower; after enduring civil war, two world wars, de-industrialization and the loss of its empire, however, it ended the century on very different terms. This course examines, explains and attempts to characterize this process, focusing upon two seemingly contradictory themes: (1) the tendency of historians, politicians and other analysts to read this period as an age of national decline, and (2) the improvements to the lives of the vast majority of Britons.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH      BU: IS
L22 History 3880. Terror and Violence in the Black Atlantic
From the period of bondage through the 21st century, terror and racialized violence have consistently been used as a form of social control. This course is constructed to explore the historical foundations of extreme threats of violence inflicted among populations of African descent. The fabric of American culture has given birth to its own unique brand of terrorism waged against black people, which this class spends considerable time interrogating. Yet, in recognizing that these practices are commonly found in other parts of the Black Atlantic, students are encouraged to take a comparative view to better tease out the wider strands of violence operative in places such as England as well as islands within the Caribbean. Within this course we explore the varied ways in which music, films, newspapers and historical narratives shed light on these often life-altering stories of the past.
Same as AFAS 3880
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH, SD
L22 History 3891. East Asia Since 1945: From Empire to Cold War
This course examines the historical forces behind the transformation of East Asia from war-torn territory under Japanese military and colonial control into distinct nations ordered by Cold War politics. We begin with the 1945 dismantling of the Japanese empire and continue with the emergence of the People’s Republic of China, the Republic of China (Taiwan), the two Koreas and Vietnam, all of which resulted from major conflicts in post-war Asia. We conclude with a look at East Asia in the post-Cold War era.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH, CD
L22 History 38A8. Women, Men and Gender in Africa: Writing-Intensive Seminar
This seminar explores the ways in which gender relations have been produced, reproduced and transformed through the everyday actions of women and men in Africa. The focus is both on agency and on structures of power, as we move from a consideration of gender relations during the 19th-century jihads in West Africa to problems of love, sexuality and marriage in contemporary South Africa.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH, CD, WI      BU: BA
L22 History 38B9. Understanding Lincoln: Writing-Intensive Seminar
This course explores the life, art (political and literary) and historical significance of Abraham Lincoln. It focuses first on how he understood himself and foregrounds his inspired conception of his own world-historical role in the Civil War. The course also traces how the larger world furnished the contexts of Lincoln’s career, how his consciousness, speeches and writings, and presidential decisions can be understood against the backdrop of the revolutionary national democratic upheavals of the 19th century. Finally the course investigates how the 16th president, so controversial in his day, has remained a subject of cultural contestation, with historians, novelists, poets, cartoonists, filmmakers, advertisers and politicians struggling over his memory and meaning, to the present.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH, WI
L22 History 38C8. Religion and Politics in South Asia: Writing-Intensive Seminar
The relationship between religion, community and nation is a topic of central concern and contestation in the study of South Asian history. This course explores alternative positions and debates on such topics as: changing religious identities; understandings of the proper relationship between religion, community and nation in India and Pakistan; and the violence of Partition (the division of India and Pakistan in 1947). The course treats India, Pakistan and other South Asian regions in the colonial and postcolonial periods.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH, CD, WI
L22 History 38M8. The Making of the Modern American Landscape-Writing-Intensive Seminar
This writing-intensive seminar explores environmental change in relation to human actions in the United States. It provides a vision of American history from the perspective of the land itself. It traces transformations in the organization and uses of landed property from the 18th-century surveys of western lands through the expansion of slavery and the cotton kingdom; the construction of irrigation systems in the west; the emergence of new technologies of production and communication in 19th century cities to the mass production of suburban housing; and finally to the rise of Disneyland and Las Vegas.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH, WI
L22 History 38R8. The Russian Revolution: Writing-Intensive Seminar
The “10 Days that Shook the World” divided Russian, European and American society from 1917 until the dissolution of the U.S.S.R. in 1991. This seminar examines major interpretations of the Russian Revolution through readings and a series of written exercises including a formal book review, a comparative essay and an analytical research paper.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH, WI      BU: IS
L22 History 3920. South Asian Traditions in Practice: Ritual, Spectacle, Self
Same as Re St 392
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH, CD      BU: ETH
L22 History 393. Medieval Christianity
Same as Re St 393
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH      BU: BA
L22 History 394C. African Civilization to 1800
Same as AFAS 321C
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH, CD      BU: HUM, IS      FA: SSP
L22 History 395C. African Civilization: 1800 to the Present
Same as AFAS 322C
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH, CD      BU: IS      FA: SSP
L22 History 3960. Women and Social Class
Same as WGSS 396
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH, SD      BU: BA
L22 History 399. Senior Honors Thesis and Colloquium: Writing-Intensive Seminar
Prerequisites: satisfactory standing as a candidate for Senior Honors and permission of thesis director.
Credit variable, maximum 4 units.      A&S: TH, WI      FA: SSP
L22 History 39F8. Gender and Sexuality in 1950s America: Writing-Intensive Seminar
Historians have recently begun to reconsider the dominant view of the 1950s as an era characterized by complacency and conformity. In this writing intensive seminar we use the prism of gender history to gain a more complex understanding of the intricate relationship between conformity and crisis, domesticity and dissent that characterized the 1950s for both women and men.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH, SD, WI      BU: BA
L22 History 39H8. Internal Empire: The Unification of Britain: Writing-Intensive Seminar
The establishment and the costs of English hegemony over the British Isles. Political and cultural aggression, religious conflict, and social and economic development all contributed to identity formation, whether in the triumphant metropolitan core or in the embittered Celtic periphery. Students cannot receive credit for both History 3511 and 39H8.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH, WI
L22 History 39J8. Mapping the Early Modern World: Writing-Intensive Seminar
Societies use maps not just to see the world, but also to assign meaning and order to space: both nearby spaces and spaces on the other side of the world. In this writing-intensive seminar, we study how maps were created, circulated and interpreted between the 16th and 18th century, when Europeans came into contact with new regions throughout the world and reshaped their own backyards through the rise of the modern state and the development of national identity.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH, WI
L22 History 39K8. The Many Enigmas of Thomas Jefferson: Writing-Intensive Seminar
Who was Thomas Jefferson, and why has his reputation undergone so many changes? Why has this hero of abolitionists and a man hated by slaveholders become a figure condemned today for being a slaveholder with an African-American mistress? How did an apostle of small government and states’ rights become the patron saint of the New Deal and the Democratic Party, and then an inspiration for anarchists? Why have examinations of his public “greatness” and study of his ideas shifted to scrutiny and criticism of his private lapses?
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH, WI
L22 History 39S8. Rivers: A Comparative Approach to Chinese and World History: Writing-Intensive Seminar
This course uses rivers as geographical frames of reference to address a variety of issues, including physical and social mobility, agriculture and commerce, the state, environmental history and construction of cultural meanings. Each week begins with a focus on the West River, which flows through two provinces in southern China. Readings on the West River are matched with readings that address similar topics but focus on other important rivers in the world. The temporal focus is approximately 1500–1900, a period that witnessed the zenith of rivers as modes of transportation and commerce.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH, WI
L22 History 39SC. Imperialism and Sexuality: India, South Asia and the World: Writing-Intensive Seminar
What is the connection between the appropriation of other people’s resources and the obsession with sex? Why is “race” essential to the sexual imperatives of imperialsim? How has the nexus between “race,” sexuality and imperial entitlement reproduced itself despite the end of formal colonialism? By studying a variety of colonial documents, memoirs produced by colonized subjects, novels, films and scholarship on imperialism, we seek to understand the history of imperialism’s sexual desires and its continuation in our world today.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH, CD, SD, WI
L22 History 39SL. Blacks, Latinos and Afro-Latinos: Constructing Difference and Identity: Writing-Intensive Seminar
The growth of the Latino population in the United States is changing conversations about race. While some worry about job competition between black and Latino workers, others celebrate the future of a “majority minority.” Students taking this course examine the history of the racialization of African Americans and Latinos under British, Spanish and American empires, paying attention to both the construction of the racial “Other” by European elites, as well as the reclaiming of identities by the racially marginalized through various social movements, culminating in the Black and Brown liberation movements of the 1960s and the mobilization of Afro-Latinos since the 1970s.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH, CD, SD, WI
L22 History 39T8. Sufism: Mystics in Islamic History: Writing-Intensive Seminar
This course is designed as a social and intellectual history of Sufism in all its major aspects. The course begins with a survey of Sufism’s formative period from the 9th to the 12th centuries CE, examining the emergence of key doctrines and practices as well as the formation of the first Sufi communities around accomplished masters. Then, the course traces the rise to social prominence of the Sufi mode of piety during and after the 12th century.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH, CD, WI      BU: HUM
L22 History 39X9. To Russia and Return: Travel, Literature and History: Writing-Intensive Seminar
For 300 years, scholars have relied upon the accounts of eyewitness travelers to make Russia less mysterious. One famous traveler was responsible for the idea of despotic tsars, others deemed the Muscovy “rude and barbarous,” while still another shaped the end of Russian serfdom. This course introduces students to the full sweep of modern Russian history through readings in selected travelers and scholarship based on them. Prior course work on Russia is not required.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH, WI
L22 History 4000. IPH Thesis Prospectus Workshop
Same as Hum 401
Credit variable, maximum 3 units.      A&S: TH
L22 History 4001. Directed Fieldwork in Historical and Archival Professions
A fieldwork project under the direction of a member of the Department of History. Normally planned and undertaken in conjunction with an established museum or archival program.
Credit 4 units.      A&S: TH      FA: SSP
L22 History 4002. Directed Fieldwork in Historical and Archival Professions
A fieldwork project under the direction of a member of the Department of History. Normally planned and undertaken in conjunction with an established museum or archival program.
Credit 4 units.      A&S: TH      FA: SSP
L22 History 4020. Jerusalem, The Holy City
Same as JNE 4020
Credit 5 units.      A&S: TH, CD, SD
L22 History 4030. Topics in East Asian Religion and Thought: The Zhuangzi
Same as Re St 403
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH, CD
L22 History 4033. Race, Sex and Sexuality: Concepts of Identity
Same as WGSS 403
Credit 3 units.      A&S: SS, SD      BU: BA      FA: SSP
L22 History 4040. Convivencia or Reconquista? Muslims, Jews and Christians in Medieval Iberia
Same as JNE 4060
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH, CD
L22 History 4042. Competing Ideologies and Nationalisms in the Arab-Israeli Arena
Same as JNE 4042
Credit 3 units.      A&S: SS      BU: IS
L22 History 4044. The Politics of Secularism
Same as Anthro 4044
Credit 3 units.      A&S: SS
L22 History 4051. Diaspora in Jewish and Islamic Experience
Same as JNE 405
Credit 4 units.      A&S: TH
L22 History 4080. Nuns
Same as Re St 408
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH, SD
L22 History 4112. Topics in Christianity: Women and Religion in Medieval Europe
Same as Re St 411
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH
L22 History 4121. American Religion, Politics, Culture, Part I
Same as Re St 4121
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH
L22 History 4154. Postcolonial South Asia: Nations, Cultures and Identities in Transnational Perspective
Focusing on the years after independence from British colonialism, this course explores the transnational and diasporic histories of South Asia. We investigate an array of literary, visual and historical sources on the politics and society of Bangladesh, Pakistan, Sri Lanka and India. The course is reading-intensive; advanced undergraduates and graduate students are welcome.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH, SD
L22 History 417. Topics in African History: Middle Passages — African Americans and South Africa
Same as AFAS 417
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH, CD      BU: BA
L22 History 4210. Christians and Muslims in the Mediterranean World, 1100–1650
The medieval and early modern Mediterranean was the crossroads of empire, trade, learning and faith. This course examines how the diverse countries in this region handled questions of religious difference, cultural encounter and political and economic rivalry from the Crusades to the flourishing of the Ottoman Empire and the 17th century revolutions in politics and knowledge. Topics covered include: religious disputes and dialogue; the treatment of religious minorities; diplomacy and war; trade; slavery; and cultural influences.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH
L22 History 4214. A Tale of Two Cities: The Growth and Structure of Chicago and St. Louis
Same as AMCS 4210
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH      BU: HUM
L22 History 4222. Special Topics in History: Keble College, Oxford
Credit variable, maximum 10 units.      FA: SSP
L22 History 4274. Palestine, Israel and the Arab-Israeli Conflict
This course examines the history of the Arab-Israeli conflict from the mid-19th century to the present. Topics include: Palestine in the late Ottoman period; the development of modern Zionism; British colonialism and the establishment of the Palestine Mandate; Arab-Jewish relations during the Mandate; the growth of Palestinian nationalism and resistance; the establishment of the state of Israel and the dispersion of the Palestinians in 1948; the Arab-Israeli wars; both Palestinian uprisings; and the peace process.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH
L22 History 4280. History of Urban Schooling in the United States
Same as Educ 4280
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH
L22 History 4288. Higher Education in American Culture
Same as Educ 4288
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH      BU: HUM      FA: SSP
L22 History 4322. The Later Roman Empire: From Constantine to Justinian
Same as Classics 442
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH
L22 History 4425. European Cultures: Victorian England to Weimar Germany
This course explores important scenes of European cultural life in the 19th and early 20th centuries. We begin by examining the seemingly contradictory culture of Victorian England, which was characterized by optimism about moral and technological progress on the one hand, and a sense of apprehension about the psychological and social effects of modern industrial life on the other. We end the course with a study of culture and ideas in Weimar Germany, the short-lived republic founded at the end of World War I and destroyed by the Nazis in 1933. In between, we study two urban centers of European culture around 1900, Paris and Vienna, whose writers, poets and playwrights together made up much of what we think of as Modernism.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH
L22 History 443. European Intellectual History: 1890–1930
This course explores the crises in individualist and nationalist thought and culture in the years before and after World War I. Topics include: the emergence of irrationality in political and social thought; the rise of psychoanalysis; the birth of modernism in painting, music and literature; relativism in philosophy and the social sciences; the crisis of World War I; the beginnings of Fascist and Nazi ideology; and the emergence of existentialism.
Credit variable, maximum 4 units.      A&S: TH      FA: SSP
L22 History 444. European Intellectual History: 1930-2000
This course is an exploration of European thought and culture from the intellectual and artistic response to Nazism in the 1930's to the postmodernism of the present. Topics include: art and political commitment before and after World War II; existentialism in France; the intellectual responses to the Cold War, such as the theory of totalitarianism; the "Critical Theory" of the Frankfurt School and the rise of Marxist humanism; the student movements of 1968; the critique of technological society; structuralism and post-structuralism; contemporary feminist theory; and postmodernism.
Credit variable, maximum 4 units.      A&S: TH      FA: SSP
L22 History 4442. The Jewish Experience in Eastern Europe
A study of Jewish culture, society and politics in Poland-Lithuania, Hungary, the Czech lands, Russia, Romania and the Ukraine, from the 16th century through the 20th century. Among the topics covered are: economic, social and political relations in Poland-Lithuania; varieties of Jewish religious culture; Russian and Habsburg imperial policies toward the Jews; nationality struggles and anti-Semitism; Jewish national and revolutionary responses; Jewish experience in war and revolution; the mass destruction of East European Jewish life; and the transition from Cold War to democratic revolution.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH, CD      FA: SSP
L22 History 4446. European Social History: 1750–1930
This course examines both the old social history (which focused on social classes and “the social question”) and the newer social history of the Annales School (which stresses the social conditions of everyday life). Most of the semester is spent surveying selected topics of the new social history, such as demography, marriage and the family, sexuality and reproduction, diet and cuisine, drink and drugs, disease and public health, and topics in material culture such as housing.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH
L22 History 444A. Europe Under the Old Regime, 1660–1789
Despite the static obsolescence implied by the term, the Old Regime was a dynamic period during which European men and women gradually but fundamentally altered how they related to power, to knowledge, and to each other. This course explores the major sociopolitical and intellectual developments of the period through primary sources and historical literature. Our main geographical focus is France, with occasional forays into the Dutch, British and German cases. Our main cultural focus is on the Enlightenment, with an eye to the diversity of ideas and beliefs that were advocated both for and against it.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH
L22 History 4480. Russian Intellectual History
This seminar-style discussion and research course examines major currents in Russian intellectual life from the age of Peter the Great to the revolutions of 1905. Its primary focus is on Russians’ perception of themselves as a part of Western Civilization. Authors include: the Ukrainian humanists; the so-called Russian Enlightenment; romantic nationalists; Slavophiles and Westernizers; the literature of the Golden Age; nihilists; and the early Marxists. Students enrolling in the course should attempt to acquire a copy of (out of print) Marc Raeff, ed., Russian Intellectual History: an Anthology.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH      BU: IS
L22 History 4481. Race Politics in 19th- and 20th-Century America
Same as AFAS 448
Credit 3 units.      A&S: SS      BU: BA      FA: SSP
L22 History 448C. Russian History to the 18th Century
Medieval Russian history is in turmoil: Ukrainians charge the Russians with stealing their history; new perspectives from world history have fundamentally altered our understanding of the Viking age, and of Russia’s infamous Tatar Yoke; Ivan the Terrible has lost his demonic appearance, and the hapless Romanovs before Peter the Great are now praised as the most successful of all early-modern monarchs. Topics include: Kievan politics, society and religion; the Mongol world; the rise of Moscow; consolidation and empire; religious crisis; and the dramatic first contacts with the West.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH      BU: HUM      FA: SSP
L22 History 449C. Imperial Russia
The Russian tsars, from Peter the Great to Nicholas II, built the empire that became the Soviet Union. Now that the U.S.S.R. is gone, historians focus not only on the governance of the Russians, but also on the fate of scores of nationalities ruled by them. This course also explores the changing reputation of Russia’s rulers, especially the women rulers of the 18th century; the rise of an intelligentsia committed to radical reform; the fate of millions of serfs, and the government’s efforts to steer a path between Muscovite traditions and a dynamic West.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH      FA: SSP
L22 History 450B. Topics in the History of Eugenics
Same as Biol 450W
Credit 3 units.      A&S: NS, WI
L22 History 4510. French Art and Politics in the Belle Epoque, 1870–1914
Same as Art-Arch 4856
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH
L22 History 4555. Advanced Topics in Modern Chinese History
Same as East Asia 555
Credit 3 units.
L22 History 4675. Beyond the Harem: Women, Gender and Revolution
This course examines the history and current situations of women in Middle Eastern societies. The first half of the course is devoted to studying historical changes in factors structuring women's status and their sociopolitical roles. The second half of the course focuses on several case studies of women’s participation in broad anti-colonial social revolutions and how these revolutions affected the position of women in those societies. Evaluation of students encourages their participation, analytical engagement and improvement throughout the term.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH, CD, SD      BU: BA
L22 History 4689. American Intellectual History to 1865
This course presents an overview of American intellectual history from the early 17th century and the founding of the first English settlements in North America to the mid-19th century and the American Civil War. We investigate how different thinkers responded to and helped shape key events and processes in colonial and early American history, concentrating in particular on developments in religious, political, social, scientific and educational thought. We cover major topics such as: Puritanism, the Enlightenment, Evangelicalism, Romanticism and the inner Civil War. We address concepts central to the formation of the nation’s identity including those of the covenant, republicanism, citizenship, equality, freedom, liberty, natural law, transcendentalism, order, reason, progress and democracy.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH
L22 History 469. American Intellectual History Since 1865
This course concentrates on social, cultural, philosophical and political thought since the end of the Civil War, and investigates how American thinkers have responded to the challenge of modernity. After an examination of the end of the old religious order and the revolt against Victorianism, it analyzes the subsequent rise of pragmatism, progressivism, literary modernism, radical liberalism, political realism, protest movements and the New Left, neo-conservatism and the New Right, and the current state of intellectuals in post-9/11 America. The format combines mini-lectures with in-depth discussions of primary texts by Harold Frederic, Charlotte Perkins Gilman, Jane Addams, Henry Adams, George Santayana, Charles Peirce, William James, John Dewey, Walter Lippmann, W.E.B. Du Bois, Randolph Bourne, Malcolm Cowley, Edmund Wilson, Richard Wright, Sidney Hook, Reinhold Niebuhr, Hannah Arendt, Daniel Bell, C. Wright Mills, James Baldwin, Betty Friedan, Noam Chomsky and Christopher Lasch, among many others.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH
L22 History 4735. Modeling the Second World War
Models and simulations of trends, events, institutions and processes are useful tools for historians and social scientists. They can illustrate complex interactions between individuals and groups, map broad political and social trends, and possibly predict the outcome of specific events. Students in this research seminar choose an aspect of the geographic, political, diplomatic, military, economic or social history of World War II to research and model through computer simulation, multimedia presentations, or a role-play exercise. These models and simulations are based on primary sources from the period.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH
L22 History 4742. Americans and Their Presidents
Same as AMCS 474
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH
L22 History 4743. Imagining the West
Same as Art-Arch 4743
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH      FA: AH
L22 History 4750. The City in American Arts and Popular Culture, 1910–1940
Same as Art-Arch 475
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH      FA: AH
L22 History 4751. Intellectual History of Feminism
Same as WGSS 475
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH      FA: Lit
L22 History 4752. American Culture: Traditions, Methods and Visions
Same as AMCS 475
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH, WI      BU: BA
L22 History 4770. Cultures of Memory in Postwar Germany and Japan
Same as IAS 477
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH
L22 History 481. History of Education in the United States
Same as Educ 481
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH      BU: HUM      FA: SSP
L22 History 4820. Reading America: Henry Adams and the Study of American Culture
Same as AMCS 482
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH
L22 History 4821. Theory and Methods in Literature and History
Same as Hum 405
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH
L22 History 4833. Topics in African History
See Course Listings for current topics.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH
L22 History 4840. Anti-Slavery in the Courtroom
Same as AMCS 484
Credit 4 units.      A&S: TH
L22 History 4841. Core Seminar in East Asian Studies: East Asia in Scholarly Literature
Same as East Asia 484
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH, CD      FA: SSP
L22 History 4842. The Japanese Empire in Asia, 1874–1945
This course examines the expansion of the Japanese Empire in Asia from 1874 to 1945, focusing on Japan’s acquisition of neighboring territory and the subsequent building of colonies in Taiwan, Korea and Manchuria. The course explores the concepts of imperialism and colonialism, how they functioned in East Asia, and how they intersect with other major developments in Asia, including ideas of civilization and race, the formation of the nation, and the growth of capitalism.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH, CD
L22 History 4844. Women and Confucian Culture
This course explores the lives of women in East Asia during a period when both local elites and central states sought to Confucianize society. The course focuses on Ming (1368–1644) and Qing (1644–1911) China, but also examines these issues in two other early-modern East Asian societies: Yi/Choson (1392–1910) Korea and Tokugawa (1600–1868) Japan. Course readings are designed to expose students both to a variety of theoretical approaches and to a wide range of topics, including: women’s property rights; the medical construction of gender; technology, power and gender; and state regulations on sexuality.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH
L22 History 4872. Colonial Cities and the Making of Modernity
Massive urban growth has been a central result of the incorporation of many areas — both central and peripheral — into the global economy in the 19th and 20th centuries. Scholars have long theorized urbanization as a key component of modernity, but they have usually done so by looking at urbanization and modernization from the perspective of the West. This course investigates the character of cities in the colony and then uses these empirical and analytical entry points to examine critically some theories of modernity. The geographical focus of the course is primarily on cities in the Middle East, North Africa and South Asia.
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH, CD      FA: SSP
L22 History 4894. Advanced Seminar: The U.S. in Vietnam: Origins, Developments and Consequences
This course focuses on America’s involvement in Vietnam from the era of French colonialism through the collapse of U.S. intervention. Special attention to political, military, economic and cultural aspects, as well as to international relationships, and the significance of the experience and subsequent developments upon both American and Vietnamese societies.
Credit 4 units.      A&S: TH      FA: SSP
L22 History 4905. Advanced Seminar: Issues in the History of American Medicine
This seminar examines major issues and themes in the history of American medicine. Specific topics include: the changing image of the physician; professional authority; and the rise in the status of the medical profession during the past 100 years.
Credit 4 units.      A&S: TH      FA: SSP
L22 History 4907. Advanced Seminar: Women and Social Movements in the United States
In this course we examine U.S. women’s participation in diverse movements during the 19th and 20th centuries, ranging from suffrage and feminism, to the labor movement, civil rights activism, and conservative and queer movements. Among our questions: How does the social position of different groups of women shape their participation in social movements? Why are certain social movements successful, and how do we define success? What does looking at women’s experience in particular tell us about social movements in general?
Credit 4 units.      A&S: TH, SD      FA: SSP
L22 History 4914. Advanced Seminar: Japan in World War II — History and Memory
This course examines the history of World War II in Asia and how it has been remembered in the post-war era. We trace the war, from the first Japanese military attack on China in 1931 through the U.S. atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945. We also examine several post-war controversies concerning how the war has been forgotten and remembered in Japan, in the rest of Asia and in the United States. Goals include grasping the empirical history of the war as a step to becoming familiar with the theories and methods of memory studies in History.
Credit 4 units.      A&S: TH      FA: SSP
L22 History 4918. Advanced Seminar: Sexuality in America
Does sex have a history, and if so, how can we study it? This seminar examines important themes in the history of sexuality: the relationship between sexual ideologies and practices; racial hierarchy and sexuality; the policing of sexuality; construction of sexual identities and communities; and sexual politics at the end of the century. Students also spend time discussing theoretical approaches to the history of sexuality, as well as methodological issues, including problems of source and interpretation.
Credit 4 units.      A&S: TH      FA: SSP
L22 History 4920. Advanced Seminar: American Education
Same as Educ 440
Credit 3 units.      A&S: TH, SD      FA: SSP
L22 History 4941. Advanced Seminar: The Inquisition in Europe, Asia and Latin America, 1200–1700
This seminar studies the history of the Inquisition from its beginnings in southern France in the first half of the 13th century up to the investigations undertaken by Dominicans and Franciscans in 17th-century Mexico and Peru. Along the way the seminar focuses upon other inquisitions in Europe (especially those made in Italy, Spain and Germany), and the hunt for heresy in Goa and the Phillipines. This seminar reads inquisitional manuals (books on how to conduct an inquisition) and original inquisitional documents (the records of the trials and interrogations). Consequently, the history of heresy and witchcraft, as understood by people in the past and historians in the present, is discussed.
Credit 4 units.      A&S: TH      FA: SSP
L22 History 4942. Advanced Seminar: Europe’s “Jewish Question”: Emancipation, Anti-Semitism and Jewish-Christian Confrontation
The so-called “Jewish Question” was a product of European modernity. It emerged in conjunction with the formation of modern states, Enlightenment projects for political reform, the decline of religious influence in society, and struggles over Jewish emancipation. In this seminar, students examine the unusual career of this obsession from the 16th through the 20th century by focusing selectively on a number of illustrative episodes: Christian Hebraism and the Reformation; the Enlightenment assault on religious power; European debates on Jewish emancipation; the emergence of the “Jewish Question” in the 19th century; anti-Semitism as a modern political phenomenon; the renewed discourse of Jewish “ritual murder” at the turn of the 20th century; Zionism and other forms of Jewish nationalism; and the question of anti-Zionism in the reformulation of the “Jewish Question” during the past half-century.
Credit 4 units.      A&S: TH      FA: SSP
L22 History 4946. Advanced Seminar: “The Federalist” and Its Critics
An intensive examination of the debates generated over the ratification of the U.S. Constitution. At the center of the debate were the 85 Federalist essays composed by Alexander Hamilton, James Madison and John Jay under the collective pseudonym of “Publius.” Though of limited impact at the time, The Federalist essays framed the agenda for continuing debate and have become a foundation of American political thought. Their support of an unprecedented national plan of an entirely revamped system of national government raised issues of politics, philosophy, economics and human psychology. For that reason, this course title announces that we study the interaction of political philosophy and the practical realities of politics.
Credit 4 units.      A&S: TH      FA: SSP
L22 History 4952. Advanced Seminar: Modern British History
The seminar is devoted to the consideration of new interpretations of such questions as political reform, the industrial revolution, the status of women and imperialism in 19th-century Britain.
Credit 4 units.      A&S: TH
L22 History 4963. Advanced Seminar: Encounter and Empire: European Colonialism, 1500–1800
This seminar examines the first age of European world empires, from the Spanish and Portuguese explorations and conquests in the Americas, Africa and Asia, to the rise of the Dutch and English merchant empires, to the 18th-century exploration of the Pacific and revolutions in the Atlantic World. We use primary sources to examine ideas about cultural diversity, colonial society and the natural world, while, through secondary sources, we examine themes of cultural transfer, economic development, political contestation and control, and scientific discovery.
Credit 4 units.      A&S: TH
L22 History 4965. Advanced Seminar: Magic, Heresy and Witchcraft in the Middle Ages, 350–1550
This course concerns itself with addressing and familiarizing students with some of the major issues, debates, problems, themes and methods, adopted and adapted by historians of the Middle Ages.
Credit 4 units.      A&S: TH
L22 History 4967. Advanced Seminar: Migration and Travel in China, 1500–1900
Despite the growing importance of native-place identities during the late Imperial era, China had an increasingly mobile population. This course examines the movement of people in China approximately from 1500 to 1900, including voluntary and forced migration, travel associated with trade, travel for civil service examinations and official postings, exile, urban sojourning, religious pilgrimages, and touring. In addition, this course focuses on relations between locals and sojourners or migrants, as well as the perceived dangers that geographical mobility posed for the state and the social order.
Credit 4 units.      A&S: TH
L22 History 4970. Advanced Seminar: Early Medieval History, Italy and France in the Early Middle Ages
The topic of this seminar is the kingdoms formed as successor states to the Western Roman empire by the Gothic, Frankish and Lombard peoples in the territories of modern France and Italy. The course compares the varied models used in these kingdoms for the accommodation of Roman and Germanic cultures.
Credit 4 units.      A&S: TH      FA: SSP
L22 History 4971. Advanced Seminar: Selected Topics in Anglo-American Legal History
A research and writing seminar on a specific topic chosen by the student. The course introduces students to the scholarship on the history of law and examines certain key cases or questions as examples of the field and its potential.
Credit 4 units.      A&S: TH      FA: SSP
L22 History 4974. Advanced Seminar: Gender, Property and Law in American Society
This course aims to explore the intersections of gender relations, work and property in law, custom and culture from the colonial period to the late 20th century. We read a wide range of articles and books, all of which in some way address the relationships among gender ideologies, social practices and property relations in American society.
Credit 4 units.      A&S: TH      FA: SSP
L22 History 4976. Advanced Seminar: The American Trauma: Representing the Civil War in Art, Literature and Politics
This seminar is an interdisciplinary examination of how Americans represented the Civil War during and after the titanic conflict, with special attention given to the period between 1865 and 1915. The course explores how painters, novelists, photographers, sculptors, essayists, journalists, philosophers, historians and filmmakers engaged the problems of constructing narrative and reconstructing national and individual identity out of the physical and psychological wreckage of a war which demanded horrific sacrifice and the destruction of an enemy that could not be readily dissociated from the self.
Credit 4 units.      A&S: TH
L22 History 4977. Advanced Seminar: A Long Road to Uhuru and Nation: The Social History of Modern Kenya
This seminar challenges the popular Western view that the African continent is a single place and that Africans are homogenous or inherently tribal. Focusing on the lived experiences of imperial rule, the struggle for independence, and the process of nation building, it explores the development of an African country. The seminar focuses on how common men, women and adolescents wrestled with the problem of turning a colony into the modern Kenyan nation. Admission to the seminar requires permission of the instructor and at least one previous upper-level course in African history.
Credit 4 units.      A&S: TH, CD
L22 History 4979. Advanced Seminar: Gender, Race and Class in South Africa, 1880–Present
By focusing on the complex historical dynamics of race, gender and class in South Africa over the past 120 years, this course is aimed at understanding the development of segregation, apartheid and racial capitalism, as well as the emergence of multiple forms of resistance to counter white minority rule. Topics include: white settler expansion and the defeat of the African peasantry; the rise of mining capital and the emergence of a racially divided working class; the origins of African and Afrikaner nationalisms; migrant labor and the subordination of African women; and the prospects for a nonracial, nonsexist democracy in a unified South Africa.
Credit 4 units.      A&S: TH, SD
L22 History 4981. Advanced Seminar: Historical Perspectives on Human Rights and Globalization
This course offers a historical perspective on the modern international human rights regime, using materials drawn from diplomatic, legal, political and cultural studies. Successful completion of this seminar involves designing, researching, and writing a 25- to 30-page paper on a historically oriented, human rights-related topic of your choice.
Credit 4 units.      A&S: TH
L22 History 4982. Advanced Seminar: Women and Confucian Culture in Early Modern East Asia
This course explores the lives of women in East Asia during a period when both local elites and central states sought to Confucianize society. We focus on Ming (1368–1644) and Qing (1644–1911) China, but also examine these issues in two other early-modern East Asian societies: Yi/Choson (1329–1910) Korea and Tokugawa (1600–1868) Japan.
Credit 4 units.      A&S: TH
L22 History 4983. Advanced Seminar: Renaissance Florence and Venice
Venice was the most famously stable city-state in Renaissance Italy, Florence the most notoriously unstable one. This course explores how those contrasting political environments and experiences shaped social relations and cultural production (and vice versa) in those two cities.
Credit 4 units.      A&S: TH
L22 History 4984. Advanced Seminar: The Problem of Freedom: The Age of Democratic Revolution in the Americas
Ever since the improbable alliance of the English pirate and slave trader Sir Francis Drake and the fugitive slave Cimarrons on the Atlantic coast of Panama many centuries ago, the history of freedom in the New World has unfolded in unlikely fits and starts. The course explores two related conjectures: first, that maroon politics (the often short-lived alliances between slaves, quasi-free blacks and white allies), slave rebellion, provincial secession and civil war were the widespread and normative conditions of post-colonial regimes throughout the New World; and second, that the problem of freedom was especially challenging in a New World environment in which freedom was fleeting and tended to decompose. Special attention is given to antislavery insurgencies, interracial politics and alliances in the United States and the perspectives on freedom they produced, but the readings also include materials on debates over freedom in the Caribbean and South America over the course of the long age of democratic revolution, 1760–1888.
Credit 4 units.      A&S: TH, SD
L22 History 4987. Advanced Seminar: Antislavery — The Legal Assault on Slavery in St. Louis
This seminar begins with a survey of the legal and constitutional arguments made against slavery in English and American courts since the 1600s, and examines the culture and tactics of antislavery as it emerged in Antebellum America, as well as the meaning of the Dred Scott decision. Students research a particular freedom suit from the online manuscript court records of the St. Louis Circuit Court.
Credit 4 units.      A&S: TH, SD
L22 History 4988. Advanced Seminar: The French Revolution
This course functions as both an advanced readings seminar and as a research paper colloquium. As a readings seminar, students cover major scholarly debates on different aspects of the French Revolution. Other topics for the seminar include such issues as: the revolution and women; the reign of terror; and the Vendean civil war. As a research colloquium, each student undertakes research on an important aspect of the revolution and presents a paper to the seminar.
Credit 4 units.      A&S: TH
L22 History 4990. Advanced Seminar: History of the Body
Do bodies have a history? Recent research suggests that they do. Historians have tapped a wide variety of sources — including vital statistics, paintings and photographs, hospital records, and sex manuals — to reconstruct changes in how humans have conceptualized and experienced their own bodies. We pay particular attention to the intersection of European cultural history and history of medicine since 1500.
Credit 4 units.      A&S: TH, SD
L22 History 4993. Advanced Seminar: Women and Religion in Medieval Europe
This course explores the religious experience of women in medieval Europe and attempts a gendered analysis of the Christian Middle Ages. In it, we examine the religious experience of women in a variety of settings — from household to convent. In particular, we try to understand how and why women came to assume public roles of unprecedented prominence in European religious culture between the 12th century and the 16th, even though the institutional church barred them from the priesthood and religious precepts remained a principal source of the ideology of female inferiority.
Credit 4 units.      A&S: TH
L22 History 4994. Advanced Seminar: Religion and Society in Modern Europe, 1750–1930
This course explores the changing relationships of religion, society and the state after the age of the Enlightenment and before the age of totalitarianism in Europe — a very long 19th century. This seminar focuses chiefly on changes in Christian society in Western Europe, but students may choose to write their seminar papers on religious minorities or other parts of Europe.
Credit 4 units.      A&S: TH
L22 History 4995. Advanced Seminar in History: The Dred Scott Case and Its Legacy After 150 Years
March 2007 marked the 150th anniversary of what has been called “the worst ever rendered by the Supreme Court.” Chief Justice Roger B. Taney’s opinion, which denied American citizenship to African Americans, also threatened to force the spread of slavery into every corner of the nation and to undermine the most basic principles of American justice. A bloody Civil War followed within four years, but even with a Union victory and the passage of three amendments to the Constitution, one of the central issues of the case continued unsolved: full citizenship and equal justice before the law. Chattel slavery was abolished, but legal, social and political equality remained unachieved.
Credit 4 units.      A&S: TH
L22 History 4998. Advanced Seminar: Holy War
This seminar studies the history of holy war in Christianity and Islam (and related notions in Judaism) in the Middle Ages. Readings and discussion compare and contrast the theory and practice of holy war among Christians and Muslims from the 7th century until the 15th. What did it mean to perform Jihad in the 12th century or to be a crucesignatus in the 13th? How revolutionary was the First Crusade? Why did Latin Christianity and Sunni Islam elaborate theories of holy war against Christian and Muslim heretics? These and other questions direct the reading and enliven the discussions of the seminar.
Credit 4 units.      A&S: TH
L22 History 49DH. Advanced Seminar in History: An Imperial Project?
This course studies the processes by which England’s hegemony over its neighbors to the north and west was established in the early-modern period — a period that saw the incorporation of Wales with England, the conquest of Ireland and union with Scotland. The class reads Spenser, Milton, Defoe, as well as into the proliferating scholarship of the past 30 years on what has been called “the British problem” to understand the political destruction of Gaeldom; the development of a Protestant ascendancy in Ireland; English and Scottish understandings of Union. Keeping in view the changing English senses of nationhood, it considers the meanings of “empire” in this period.
Credit 4 units.      A&S: TH
L22 History 49DK. Advanced Seminar in History: Thomas Jefferson
Who was Thomas Jefferson, and why has his reputation undergone so many changes? Why has this hero of abolitionists and a man hated by slaveholders in his own lifetime become a figure detested today for being a slaveholder with an African-American mistress? How has the hero of the New Deal and patron saint of the Democratic Party become an inspiration for anarchists? Why have examinations of his public “greatness” and study of his ideas shifted to scrutiny and criticism of his private lapses? This course is an exercise in understanding how professional historians and the general public discover and use the past.
Credit 4 units.      A&S: TH
L22 History 49PR. Advanced Seminar: The Enlightenment in Latin America: Science and Reason on the Colonial Frontier
What is Enlightenment? Neither the harbinger of a utopian society “philosophers” and bureaucrats in the Age of Revolutions anticipated nor as totalitarian or destructive as social critics judged from the 20th century, the projects of self-styled rationalists and empiricists have had repercussions in seemingly every aspect of life. This course invites students to consider the contributions of non-Western actors to the emergence of our modern world. Specifically, we examine the variety of ways scientists, administrators and laypeople in Latin America and the Caribbean thought about medicine and disease, race, religion, social and political organization, and problems of truth and empiricism in the 18th and 19th centuries. The goal is to engage critically with the view that the modern world emerged from predominantly textual, literate, English or French traditions and to think about how we can recover the cultural contributions of non-literate groups of indigenous American, African and Spanish descent.
Credit 4 units.      A&S: TH, CD
L22 History 49SA. Advanced Seminar: Slavery in America: The Politics of Knowledge Production
This course focuses on the long history of black chattel slavery in America, from origins to emancipation. The course foregrounds the struggles over power, life and death that were at the heart of slavery’s traumatic and grotesquely violent 250-year career in North America, with attention to hemispheric context. At the same time, it highlights the fiercely contested historical battleground where scholars have argued about how to define American slavery — as a system or site of labor; reproduction; law; property and dispossession; racial and gender domination; sexual abuse and usurpation; psychological terror and interdependency; containment and marooning; selfhood and nationality; agency; revolutionary liberation; and millennial redemption.
Credit 4 units.      A&S: TH, SD
L22 History 49SC. Advanced Seminar: Incredible India?
Today, India’s Department of Tourism works to attract visitors from far and wide with the slogan, “Incredible India!” — a publicity campaign that extols the country’s exceptionalism. Yet, images of India as unique and exotic, exceptional yet unchanging, are anything but new. They have been absolutely foundational to everything from British explorer Richard Burton’s translation of the Kama Sutra, to the hit TV series Jewel in the Crown, the global explosion of Bollywood, the scholarly study of the “subaltern,” and the proliferation of yoga studios in North America and Europe. How, and why, did India become “incredible”? Reaching to intellectual and social history and to cultural studies methods, this course explores the mechanisms for the production of popular perceptions about India. Where do these perceptions originate and how are they produced? What are the intellectual traditions, the institutional sites and the visual/narrative forms that support what some might describe as a transnational public relations campaign? In answering these questions, students use a diverse range of primary and secondary sources.
Credit 4 units.      A&S: TH, CD
L22 History 49YM. Advanced Seminar: Blacks and Indians in Latin America
The goal of this course is to introduce students to the study of indigenous and African-based resistance and rebellion in the Americas and the Caribbean from the colonial period to the 19th century. Throughout the course, we discuss how concepts such as “agency,” “popular or subaltern politics” and “resistance” have been variously interpreted by scholars of both indigenous and African diasporic societies. By beginning in the early colonial period when “Indians” and “Blacks” became new social and racial categories, we think about the relevance and changing meanings of such categories over time, and look beyond national and/or linguistic borders.
Credit 4 units.      A&S: TH, CD, SD


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